When the heart stops pumping the blood and the tissues die, it is said to be heart attack often known as myocardial infarction and it can be treated.
The body works on the mechanism of demand and supply of blood. The organs of the body needs blood to work effectively and the heart is responsible for the supply of blood to the body. Cardiac Infarction usually occurs when the heart fails to pump the blood.
How heart Works:
The heart is comprised of four chambers. the upper two are called the atrium and the lower two are called ventricles. The division between these upper and lower chambers are called valves.
The heart purifies the blood and supplies oxygenated blood to the body. When the tissues of the heart die the blood flow stops and gives the person Cardiac Infarction.
Early signs of Myocardial Infarction :
Before a person has a heart attack, mostly a body shows signs of heart failure. Rare cases also happen without showing any heart failure symptoms.
The signs mentioned below if noticed on time can save a life from the cardiac infarction.
- High blood pressure
- High pulse rate
- Short breaths
- Persistent rotating pain in left shoulder and back
- Sudden dizziness
Precautionary measures can be taken to avoid the ruthless situation like a cardiac infarction. A person is responsible for its own health so preventive measures should be taken for the sake of a healthy life.
There are some steps mentioned below that ought to be taken by every person for his better health.
Exercising regularly can decrease the chances of cardiac arrest due to the low level of cholesterol.
Healthy diet :
A healthy diet assures a person with good heart conditions.
Frequent medical checkups:
If you are above 50 regular medical checkups help the person to know about the internal health of the body.
Managing stress is obligatory in avoiding heart issues.
Don’t smoke because smoking is the main factor that causes cardiac infarction.
Treatment for Myocardial Infarction:
Cardiac infarctions are caused due to several reasons. If diagnosed on time it can be cured in the hospital with different medicines and procedures. The treatments include
Usage of aspirins:
Aspirins are used immediately after a heart attack to dilute the blood and to release the pressure from the heart.
the pain is severe during a heart attack and needs high doses of painkillers to get relief from the severe pain.
These drugs are helpful in controlling the high cholesterol levels
these medicines help to dissolve the clots formed in the body due to the blockage of the arteries. They are also known as clot busters.
It’s a surgical procedure to make the heart stable to start working properly. This procedure is done immediately after a heart attack to unblock the artery through a small tube.
This is a prolonged surgical process done by the surgeons if more than one artery or vein is blocked. This is an open heart surgery risks are involved. So it’s better to have an expert surgeon done this procedure.